Volume 3, Issue 2, December 2019, Page: 85-94
Electrocoagulation Process for Microalgal Biotechnology - A Review
Djamel Ghernaout, Chemical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, University of Ha’il, Ha’il, Saudi Arabia; Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Blida, Blida, Algeria
Received: Jun. 26, 2019;       Accepted: Jul. 17, 2019;       Published: Aug. 5, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ae.20190302.12      View  650      Downloads  130
Abstract
As an electrotechnology, electrocoagulation (EC) is founded on the uninterrupted exercise of an external electric field across specified semi-conductive electrodes. This technique may be viewed as a side of a large domain of biotechnological methods and perceived cost-effective and environmentally-friendly in terms of the less intensive application of non-renewable resources and elevated degrees of energetic performance. From this point of view, EC is an encouraging treating system to control several of microalgae's utilization restrictions. Using electric field-founded technologies may include upstream (i.e. electroporation for genetic transformation, inactivation of culture contaminants, and improvement of growth kinetics) and downstream processes (e.g. harvesting and extraction methods). This review gives a thorough information of the present situation of the explicit usage of such methods on microalgal biotechnology, also following tendencies and defies concerning expansions in EC to be used to microalgae manufacturing utilization. Like other electrotechnolgies, EC remains a viable process usable in microalgal biotechnology even if it is based on the destruction of the cells. However, more researches should be planned in the perspective of a large industrial usage of this electrochemical technique.
Keywords
Electrocoagulation (EC), Microalgal Biotechnology, Electric Field, Electrodes, Electrochemistry, Algae
To cite this article
Djamel Ghernaout, Electrocoagulation Process for Microalgal Biotechnology - A Review, Applied Engineering. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2019, pp. 85-94. doi: 10.11648/j.ae.20190302.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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